Northern Eurasia 1955: Warsaw Pact
After the death of Stalin in 1953, a thaw in relations between East and West allowed for the end of the occupations of Germany and Austria. However when West Germany was accepted into NATO, the Soviets retaliated by forming their own alliance: the Warsaw Pact.
5 Mar 1953 Death of Stalin▲
Joseph Stalin dies at his residence in Kuntsevo, near Moscow
19 Feb 1954 Crimea transferred to Ukraine▲
Soviet Union transfers Crimean Oblast from Russian SFSR to Ukrainian SSR
9 May 1955 West Germany joins NATO▲
West Germany joins NATO
14 May 1955 Warsaw Pact▲
The Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania signed the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual Assistance - later known as the Warsaw Pact - in Warsaw, Poland. The pact was created in reaction to the integration of West Germany into NATO.
27 Jul 1955 Austrian State Treaty▲
Allied occupation of Austria ends
21 Sep 1955 Soviet occupation of East Germany ends▲
Soviet occupation of East Germany ends