Northern Eurasia 1944: Lower Dnieper Offensive
After its victories at Stalingrad and Kursk, the Soviet Red Army had the Germans on the run. In an attempt to hold the front, Hitler ordered the construction of the “East Wall” defensive line. This was not enough and the Soviets broke through before the line could be completed.
9 Jul-17 Aug 1943 Operation Husky▲
In Operation Husky, an Allied invasion fleet landed 160,000 troops of the US Seventh Army and the British Eighth Army on the southeast coast of Italy in the largest amphibious invasion to date. Despite facing some 300,000 Italian and German personnel, the invasion proceeded quickly. The British advanced through the eastern half of the island while the Americans swept through the west, with both forces meeting at Messina on 17 August.
24 Aug-28 Sep 1943 Lower Dnieper Offensive▲
Soviets push Germans back to Dnieper
24 Sep-6 Nov 1943 Battle of Kiev▲
The Soviets crossed the Dnieper and retook Kiev.
28 Nov-1 Dec 1943 Tehran Conference▲
The “Big Three” Allied leaders - Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, and Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom - met at the Tehran Conference (codenamed ‘Eureka’) to discuss strategy against Germany. The meeting occured in the Soviet embassy in Tehran, Iran, and concluded with an American and British commitment to open a second front in Western Europe by 1 May 1944.