Northern Eurasia 1918: End of the Great War
While the Allies were intervening in Russia, they were also mounting offensives in the west against the weakening Central Powers. By the end of October, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire had come to terms, while the Austro-Hungarian Empire was rapidly disintegrating. On November 11, Germany signed an armistice with the Alllies, bringing an end to the First World War.
Sep 1918 Mongolia asks for Chinese military support▲
Mongolia asks for Chinese military support
23 Sep 1918 Provisional All-Russian Government declared in Ufa▲
Provisional All-Russian Government declared in Ufa
30 Oct 1918 Armistice of Mudros▲
The Ottoman Minister of Marine Affairs Rauf Bey and the British Admiral Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe signed the Armistice of Mudros aboard the HMS Agamemnon in Mudros harbor on the Greek island of Lemnos. The armistice ended hostilities between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies as of noon the next day (31 October). Its conditions required that the Ottomans demobilize their armed forces and withdraw to Anatolia—including abandoning their gains in the Caucasus—and allow the Allies to occupy the Turkish Straits and any territories in disorder.
11 Nov 1918 Armistice of Compiègne▲
At 5am Paris time, Germany signed an armistice with the Allies in railway carriage No. 2419 D at Compiègne, France, to end its involvement in World War I. The armistice went into effect at 11am and, although not a formal surrender, demanded that the Germans withdraw their troops to behind their own borders, renounce the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, release all prisoners, promise to pay reparations, and surrender their fleet and materials.