Northern Eurasia 1919: Denikin and Yudenich Attack
In mid-1919, White forces under Anton Denikin swept across southern Russia and the Ukraine, seizing Tsaritsyn (Volgograd/Stalingrad) in June. In July, he pushed further up the Volga in an attempt to take Moscow. Meanwhile, in the northwest, a White army led by General Yudenich was advancing on Petrograd from Estonia.
13–29 Jun 1919 White forces under Wrangel capture Tsaritsyn from the Bolsheviks▲
White forces under Wrangel capture Tsaritsyn from the Bolsheviks
28 Jun 1919 Treaty of Versailles▲
Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially ending its state of war with the Allied Powers. The treaty required Germany to accept War Guilt, disarm, cede 65,000 square km of territory containing 7 million people to its neighbors, and pay considerable reparations (assessed to be 132 billion Marks in 1921).
15 Jul 1919 Soviet forces take Yekaterinburg from All Russian Government▲
Soviet forces take Yekaterinburg from All Russian Government
23 Jul–4 Aug 1919 Erzurum Congress▲
Turkish Revolutionaries assemble in Erzurum, eastern Turkey, in accordance with the previously issued Amasya Circular, to affirm Turkish independence. Mustafa Kemal is elected chairman of the congress, despite the Sultanate's call for his arrest. The congress declares the indivisibility of the Turkish motherland and that the Turks will resist all foreign invasion or intervention.
Aug 1919 Nikolai Yudenich creates Northwestern Government▲
Nikolai Yudenich creates Northwestern Government