Northern Eurasia 1946: Iran Crisis
During the Second World War, Britain and the Soviet Union had occupied Iran. With the war over, the United States demanded that the Russians withdraw. Under pressure from the newly formed United Nations, Stalin finally backed down, but tried to retain influence by forcing Iran to agree to oil concessions and to accept Soviet backed Azerbaijani and Kurdish regimes in the north. However, the Iranian government revoked these deals as soon as the Soviet troops left.
12 Dec 1945 Azerbaijan People’s Government▲
With the support of the Soviet Union, the Azerbaijan National Assembly declared the creation of the Azerbaijan People’s Government in Tabriz, in Soviet-occupied northwest Iran.
22 Jan 1946 Republic of Mahabad▲
With support from the Soviet Union, the National Government of Kurdistan declares the Kurdish People’s Republic—also called the Republic of Mahabad—in Mahabad, Soviet-occupied northwest Iran.
10 Mar–3 May 1946 Soviet Union withdraws from Manchuria▲
Soviet Union withdraws from Manchuria
30 Mar 1946–16 Oct 1949 Greek Civil War▲
After the Axis powers occupied Greece, the Greek contingent of the allied war effort became divided between the government-in-exile of King George II’s and the predominantly Communist partisans which oversaw the German withdrawal in 1944. Following the war’s end, the Communist Party reorganized into the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE) and fought a guerilla war against the Kingdom, but collapsed in 1948 due to lack of foreign support.