Northern Eurasia 1942: Case Blue
On June 28, Germany launched its great offensive of 1942: Case Blue, an attack across southern Russia to seize the crucial Baku oil fields in Soviet Azerbaijan. However, by October, the German advance had stalled. The focus now shifted to securing control of the flanking city of Stalingrad.
4–7 Jun 1942 Battle of Midway▲
In an attempt to lure the US Pacific Fleet’s few remaining aircraft carriers into a trap, the Imperial Japanese Navy launched an offensive against Midway Atoll. Warned of Japanese plans by its code-breakers, the US was prepared for the attack and successfully ambushed the Japanese force, sinking all four of its major aircraft carriers—Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu—and a heavy cruiser for the loss of just the carrier Yorktown and a destroyer.
28 Jun–19 Nov 1942 Case Blue▲
The Germans began Case Blue, their great Summer Offensive of 1942, by advancing on Voronezh and Rostov, along the Don River in Soviet Russia. After securing the lower Don in July, they swept across southern Russia, moving on Stalingrad and the Volga in the north and the oilfields of the Caucasus in the south. However by late August they had lost their momentum, facing difficulties across the front—especially in their attempt to capture Stalingrad.
4 Jul 1942 Sevastopol surrenders to Germany▲
Sevastopol surrenders to Germany
23 Aug 1942 Battle of Stalingrad begins▲
As part of Case Blue, the German 6th Army and 4th Panzer Army advanced through Soviet territory to the Don in July 1942, heading for the city of Stalingrad, strategically placed on the bottleneck between the Don and the Volga. Fighting through Soviet resistance, the Germans formed bridgeheads across the Don on 20 August, reaching Stalingrad three days later. With the aid of the Luftwaffe, they quickly captured most of the city west of the Volga, although the Soviets held out in parts and remained strong on the east bank.
5 Oct 1942 End of Soviet influence in Xinjiang▲
Believing that Germany is about to defeat the Soviet Union, Sheng Shicai, the warlord of Xinjiang, expels his Soviet advisors. On 5 October 1942 Xinjiang is officially reincorporated into the Nationalist Chinese fold following negotiations that began in March.