Northern Eurasia 1945: From the Vistula to the Oder
In October 1944, the Soviets swung into Hungary. By January, they were ready to thrust into the German Reich itself, closing in on Berlin. With the British and Americans about to invade from the west, Nazi Germany's days were numbered.
14 Sep–24 Nov 1944 Belgrade Offensive▲
Yugoslav partisans and Soviet troops force Germany out of Belgrade area
11 Oct 1944 Soviet Union annexes Tuvan People's Republic▲
Soviet Union annexes Tuvan People's Republic
12 Oct 1944 Operation Manna▲
British airborne forces landed in Athens on October 12-16, assisting Greek partisans in restoring order following German withdrawal.
29 Oct 1944–13 Feb 1945 Budapest Offensive▲
Soviets invade Hungary
12 Nov 1944 Second East Turkestan Republic▲
Following the Soviet-supported Ili Rebellion in northern Xinjiang, Republic of China, Turkic rebel groups declare the creation of the second East Turkestan Republic in Khulja. Ali Khan Ture, Marshal of the Ili National Army, is elected as president. With Soviet military assistance, the rebels quickly take control of the Ili, Tarbagatay, and Altay districts.
16 Dec 1944–5 Jan 1945 Battle of the Bulge▲
German offensive in Ardennes
12 Jan–2 Feb 1945 Vistula-Oder Offensive▲
Soviets invade Poland and eastern Germany
4–11 Feb 1945 Yalta Conference▲