Lower Dnieper Offensive

The Great Patriotic War: Germany at Bay

Russia 1944.0108

Lower Dnieper Offensive

World War II: The Eastern Front from Stalingrad to the fall of Berlin (8 January 1944)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

After its victories at Stalingrad and Kursk, the Soviet Red Army had the Germans on the run. In an attempt to hold the front, Hitler ordered the construction of the "East Wall" defensive line. This was not enough and the Soviets broke through before the line could be completed.

Main Events

Operation Husky

In Operation Husky, an Allied invasion fleet lands 160,000 troops of the US Seventh Army and the British Eighth Army on the southeast coast of Italy in the largest amphibious invasion to date. Despite facing some 300,000 Italian and German personnel, the invasion proceeds quickly. The British advance through the eastern half of the island while the Americans sweep through the west, with both forces meeting at Messina on 17 August.

Soviets push Germans back to Dnieper

Battle of Kiev

Soviets cross Dnieper and retake Kiev

Tehran Conference

The "Big Three" Allied leaders - Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, and Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom - meet at the Tehran Conference (codenamed 'Eureka') to discuss strategy against Germany. The meeting occurs in the Soviet embassy in Tehran, Iran, and concludes with an American and British commitment to open a second front in Western Europe by 1 May 1944.

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