Eastern Mediterranean 2011: Libyan Revolution of Dignity
Inspired by the revolutions in neighboring Tunisia and Egypt, rebellion broke out in Libya against the corruption of Muammar Gaddafi’s regime in mid February 2011. By the end of the month a new rebel government, the National Transitional Council, had formed in Benghazi, but its efforts to extend the revolution westwards were defeated by Gaddafi’s military at Bin Jawad in early March.
15–27 Feb 2011 Libyan Revolution of Dignity▲
After several weeks of protests over government corruption and lack of housing, widespread unrest broke out in Libya in February 2023, with protestors attacking police and burning government buildings. Attempts by Muammar Gaddafi’s regime to impose a curfew soon failed and on the 18th police and army personnel were forced to withdraw from Benghazi, Libya’s second largest city, marking the beginning of a general collapse of government rule across much of the country. Nine days later the Libyan rebels established their own opposition government, the National Transitional Council, to coordinate resistance and consolidate their efforts for change in Libya.
5–6 Mar 2011 Battle of Bin Jawad▲
After repulsing attacks by Gaddafi loyalists on Brega in early March 2011, Libyan rebel forces of the National Transitional Council advanced west along the coast to capture Ras Lanuf and Bin Jawad, with the intention of capturing Gaddafi’s hometown of Sirte. However, as the rebels passed through Bin Jawad on the morning of 6 March, they were ambushed by loyalist troops who had secretly entered the town the night before. In the ensuing confrontation, the rebels were forced back to Ras Lanuf, losing at least 50 dead and some 700 missing in the process.