the Arctic 2018: The Arctic Today

The past few years have seen the continued decline of Arctic sea ice, with sea ice extents reaching record lows in 2016 and again in 2017. Low sea ice levels have contributed to both extreme weather events and ecosystem collapse in the northern regions, and opened up the Arctic for increased shipping. In August 2017 a Russian tanker completed the Northern Sea Route without icebreakers - the first ship to do so in history.