Asia Pacific 1949: Nationalist Taiwan
With the Communists victorious across China, about 2 million Nationalist Chinese fled to the offshore island of Taiwan. On December 8, Chiang Kaishek made the Taiwanese city of Taipei the temporary capital of the Republic of China but refused to give up his claim on the mainland.
1 Nov 1949 Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference▲
The Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference is held at the Hague between representatives of the Netherlands, the Republic of Indonesia, and the BFO (an assembly representing the other states of Indonesia). The Dutch agree to transfer sovereignty over the archipelago to a new federation, the United States of Indonesia. The status of Western New Guinea is left unresolved, to be negotiated within a year of the transfer of sovereignty to Indonesia.
8 Nov 1949 Cambodia becomes French Associated State▲
France abolishes Cambodia’s protectorate status, granting it the status of an associated state in the French Union
8 Dec 1949 Nationalist relocation to Taiwan▲
Chiang Kaishek declared Taipei the provisional capital of Republic of China, part of the Nationalist Chinese relocation from mainland China to Taiwan. In all, some 2 million Chinese moved to the island between 1945 and 1949, boosting Taiwan’s population by a third. The Republic of China in Taiwan continues to claim all of China, with Taiwan itself remaining under martial law until 1987.
18 Dec 1949 End of East Turkestan Republic▲
On 24 August 1949, the five leaders of the East Turkestan Republic (ETR) boarded a plane for Moscow to negotiate the position of the republic in the new People’s Republic of China (PRC). On 3 September, the Soviet Union informed the Chinese government that the plane had crashed, killing all on board. Saifuddin Azizi, the new leader of the ETR but also a member of the Chinese Communist Party, kept the tragedy secret until December, by which time the People’s Liberation Army had arrived in the region. On 18 December, the PRC dissolved the ETR, although the Soviet Union retained concessions in East Turkestan until 1954.
27 Dec 1949 United States of Indonesia▲
Following the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference, the Netherlands recognizes the independence of the Republic of United States of Indonesia (RUSI). The RUSI is a federation whose People’s Representative Council consists of 50 representatives from the Republic of Indonesia and 100 from the various states according to their populations.