Asia Pacific 1942: Battle of Midway
Both the Doolittle Raid and the Battle of the Coral Sea emphasized the threat US air power still posed to Japan. To deny the US its air bases and draw out its outnumbered navy, the Japanese overran central China, invaded the Aleutian Islands and launched an attack on Midway Island. Unfortunately for the Japanese, the Americans had cracked their codes, and it was the smaller US fleet that prevailed at Midway, sinking Japan's aircraft carrier force.
15 May–? Sep 1942 Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign▲
Japan conducts Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign against China
3–4 Jun 1942 Battle of Dutch Harbor▲
An Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carrier strike force under Kakuji Kakuta launched air attacks over two days against the Dutch Harbor Naval Base and Fort Mears in Dutch Harbor, Alaska. The attacks inflicted moderate damage on the US bases, killing 78 and destroying 14 aircraft for the loss of 10 Japanese dead and 8 aircraft.
4–7 Jun 1942 Battle of Midway▲
In an attempt to lure the US Pacific Fleet’s few remaining aircraft carriers into a trap, the Imperial Japanese Navy launched an offensive against Midway Atoll. Warned of Japanese plans by its code-breakers, the US was prepared for the attack and successfully ambushed the Japanese force, sinking all four of its major aircraft carriers—Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu—and a heavy cruiser for the loss of just the carrier Yorktown and a destroyer.
6–7 Jun 1942 Occupation of Kiska and Attu▲
Japan occupies Kiska and Attu, Aleutian Islands