Asia Pacific 1950: Outbreak of the Korean War
The Soviets and Americans had withdrawn from Korea in 1948, leaving it divided between a communist North Korea and a capitalist South Korea. In June 1950, North Korea invaded the South - a move condemned by the recently formed United Nations. Taking advantage of a Soviet boycott over the lack of recognition of the People’s Republic of China, the UN unanimously agreed to intervene on behalf of South Korea.
3 Mar-1 May 1950 Hainan Landing Operation▲
Over 100,000 People’s Liberation Army troops embarked aboard 2,130 civilian junks from Leizhou Peninsula for Hainan Island, off the south coast of China and still under the control of the Chinese Nationalists. Although the 120,000 defenders fended off an initial landing in March, a second major landing in April secured a beachhead in the north of the island. From here the Communists successfully expanded across Hainan, capturing Hankou on 23 April and the remaining cities by 1 May.
25 Apr 1950 Republic of South Maluku▲
Distrusting the Javanese and Muslim-dominated Republic of Indonesia, the largely Protestant and pro-Dutch South Moluccans - who have long contributed forces to the Royal Dutch East Indies Army (KNIL) - declare the independence of the Republic of South Maluku in Ambon and Seram.
25 Jun 1950 UNSC Resolution 82▲
The United Nations Security Council passed UNSC Resolution 82 demanding North Korea immediately end its invasion of South Korea and move its troops back to the 38th parallel. The measure was adopted by a vote of 9 in support, none opposed, with Yugoslavia abstaining. The Soviet Union was absent from the meeting as it was boycotting all UN meetings at the time, in part due to the UN’s failure to recognize the People’s Republic of China.
25 Jun 1950 Outbreak of Korean War▲
At dawn on Sunday, 25 June 1950, the armed forces of the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) crossed the 38th parallel into the Republic of Korea (South Korea), under the pretense that the South Koreans had attacked them. Heavily outnumbered and weak in modern weaponry, the South Korean forces were quickly overrun, abandoning Seoul on 28 June.
7 Jul 1950 U.N.S.C. Resolution 84▲
With the failure of North Korea to withdraw from South Korea, the United Nations Security Council passed UNSC Resolution 84, recommending that UN members provide military assistance to South Korea under the unified command of the United States. The resolution succeeded with the votes from Cuba, Ecuador, France, Norway, the Republic of China (Taiwan), the United Kingdom, and the United States, with Egypt, India, and Yugoslavia abstaining. Although the first US troops had already begun arriving in Korea on 30 June, the resolution allowed for a full Western commitment to the war.
17 Aug 1950 Dissolution of the United States of Indonesia▲
After gradually dissolving the non-Republic states of the the Republic of the United States of Indonesia (RUSI) into the Republic of Indonesia over the first half of 1950, President Sukarno officially dissolves the RUSI and replaces it with a unitary Republic of Indonesia.