The Rise of Japan
East Asia 1901.0907
The Rise of Japan, the Spanish-American War, and the Boxer Rebellion (7 September 1901)
Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific
In August 1900, the Allies captured Peking, defeating the remnants of the Boxer Rebellion over the following year. Peace was concluded with the Boxer Protocol, in which the Allies forced China to pay a large indemnity and allow continued foreign military access to Peking as a guard against future uprisings.
Federation of Australia
The Constitution of Australia comes into force, uniting the British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia as states of the new Commonwealth of Australia. As a compromise between Sydney and Melbourne, Parliament is to sit in Melbourne until a federal capital is constructed at a site in southern New South Wales.
Fall of First Philippine Republic
A United States expedition led by General Frederick Funston and aided by Filipino Macabebe Scouts, captured President Emilio Aguinaldo of the Philippine Republic in his headquarters in Palanan, Isabela. In April, Aguinaldo issued a Proclamation of Formal Surrender to the United States, ending the First Philippine Republic.
The Chinese Empire signed the Boxer Protocol with the Eight-Nation Alliance (Austria-Hungary, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, and the United States) plus Belgium, Spain and the Netherlands, bringing an end to the Boxer Rebellion. The terms demanded that China pay an indemnity of 450 million taels of fine silver over 39 years at 4% interest, allow foreign countries to base their troops in Peking (Beijing), destroy the Taku Forts (leaving the sea approach to Tianjin undefended), prohibit anti-foreign organizations, and apologize to Germany for the assassination of Baron von Ketteler.