North America 1835
Second Seminole War
The Seminole of Florida were the most independent of the Indian peoples marked for relocation to the west, having been ...
North America 1861
First Battle of Bull Run
The attack on Fort Sumter aroused southern patriotism and encouraged Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee to declare for the ...
Federation of Australia
The late nineteenth century saw an increasing call for federation among the Australian colonies. On 1 January 1901 they united ...
East Asia 1901
In August 1900, the Allies captured Peking, defeating the remnants of the Boxer Rebellion over the following year. Peace was ...
Treaty of Versailles
Australians and New Zealanders fought together as the ANZACs against Turkey at Gallipoli. After this campaign failed, many were deployed ...
the Arctic 1920
Far Eastern Republic
The Great War ended in November 1918 with an armistice with Germany, encouraging most of the Allies to also end ...
Statute of Westminster
Over the course of the 1920s, Britain moved to give all its Dominions greater independence, culminating in 1931 when it ...
the Arctic 1932
Erik the Red's Land
In return for Denmark abandoning any claims on Svalbard, Norway had agreed to recognize Danish sovereignty over Greenland. However, northeast ...
Hitler Gains Power
The Great Depression that started in 1929, resulted in massive world-wide unemployment. Germany was especially hard hit, with 6 million ...
North America 1934
The Great Depression hit the United States hard, with a nearly 45% drop in industrial production and widespread unemployment peaking ...
Exploration of the New Guinea Highlands
Prior to 1930, the mountainous interior of New Guinea was largely unexplored and thought to be mostly uninhabited. Then in ...
East Asia 1946
During the war in China, the Communists had gradually built up power in the rural areas behind Japanese lines. When ...
Indonesian War of Independence
Just days after the Japanese surrender, Indonesian nationalists proclaimed independence, beginning a war to liberate the East Indies from Dutch ...
Southern Asia 1948
Indian conquest of Hyderabad
Following the end of British rule in India, the Nizam of Hyderabad - a Muslim ruler over a mostly Hindu population ...
East Asia 1949
Communist Victory in Northern China
In China, the uneasy truce between Nationalists and Communists had collapsed in mid-1946. Things started well for the superior Nationalist ...
the Arctic 1949
North Atlantic Treaty
World War II left the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in Europe. Relations between the ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1953
Mau Mau Uprising
By the early 1950s the failure of native attempts to extract political reforms from the white elites in the British ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1956
Independence of Sudan
In 1953 Egyptian revolutionaries deposed the last King of Egypt and the Sudan, signing a treaty with the British the ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1957
Independence of Ghana
Following World War II, the European colonies in West Africa began demanding self-rule and then independence. The first to succeed ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1961
UN Action Against Katanga
A major step towards defusing the Congo Crisis occurred in August 1961, when Gizenga agreed to recognize the government in ...