Sub-Saharan Africa 1922: League of Nations Mandates
Following the Treaty of Versailles the newly-formed League of Nations granted the victorious Allies mandates over the colonies they had conquered from the Germans. South West Africa was designated a Class C Mandate—to be administered as an integral territory—and assigned to South Africa in December 1920. The other former German territories in Africa were designated as Class B Mandates—to be administered with regard to local culture and religion—and assigned to Britain, France, and Belgium in July 1922.
17 Dec 1920 South West Africa Mandate▲
The League of Nations declared the former German colony of South West Africa as a Class C Mandate, granting the Union of South Africa responsibility for its administration.
28 Feb 1922 Egyptian Independence▲
The government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland issued the Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence, ending its protectorate over Egypt and granting the country nominal independence with the exception of four “reserved” areas: foreign relations, communications, the military, and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
20 Jul 1922 Tanganyika Mandate▲
The League of Nations declared the bulk of former German East Africa as the Class B Mandate of Tanganyika, granting Britain responsibility for its administration. Some relatively small parts of German East Africa had already been assigned to Belgium (Ruanda and Urundi) and Portugal (the Kionga Triangle).
20 Jul 1922 Ruanda-Urundi Mandate▲
The League of Nations confirmed the separation of Ruanda-Urundi from German East Africa, declaring the territory as a Class B Mandate and granting Belgium responsibility for its administration.
20 Jul 1922 Cameroons Mandates▲
The League of Nations declared the former German colony of Kamerun as a Class B Mandate. The administration of the territory was divided between Britain and France, in the process creating British Cameroons in the northwest and much larger French Cameroun in the southeast.
20 Jul 1922 Togoland Mandates▲
The League of Nations declared the former German protectorate of Togoland as a Class B Mandate. The administration of the territory was divided between Britain and France, forming British Togoland in the west and the larger French Territory of Togo in the east.