Occupation of Japan

End of the Old Order

East Asia 1945.0902

Occupation of Japan

Occupation of Japan,Indonesian independence,Vietnamese independence,Philippines independence (2 September 1945)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

US forces arrived in Tokyo in late August to accept the formal Japanese surrender and begin the occupation of Japan. Meanwhile, the Soviets completed their conquest of Manchuria, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. In Korea they approached the 38th parallel north, a line chosen by the Americans to temporarily demarcate their occupation zones.

Main Events

Division of Korea

The Soviets accepted the US proposal of a temporary division of Korea along the 38th parallel.

Indonesian Independence

Sukarno and Mohammed Hatta read the newly-drafted Proclamation of Indonesian Independence at 10am, 17 August, at the house of Japanese Rear-Admiral Tadashi Maeda in Djakarta. The declaration marked the start of the Indonesian National Revolution against the Netherlands. The following day Sukarno was appointed president, and Hatta vice-president, of the new Republic of Indonesia.

Kuril Landing Operation

A small detachment of Soviet forces, carried by two mine trawlers from Petropavlovsk, landed on Iturup - largest of the southern islands in the Japanese territory of the Kuril Islands. Urup and the northern islands were then occupied from 22 to 28 August, with the islands south of Iturup falling in early September. On 23 August, the Japanese garrison on the islands was ordered to surrender, although resistance continued in some areas until 4 September.

August Revolution

Following the announcement of the Japanese surrender in World War II, the League for the Independence of Vietnam (Viet Minh) launched a revolution against the return of French colonial rule to Vietnam, taking control in Hanoi. Over the following weeks, the Viet Minh seized power across Vietnam, bringing an end to the Empire of Vietnam. On 30 August the Viet Minh proclaimed the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam under President Ho Chi Minh.

US Forces arrive in Tokyo

Beginning of occupation of Japan

Formal surrender of Japan

Japan signs capitulation on board USS Missouri

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