Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 09 Aug 1974 (American Superpower: Counterculture Revolution), showing the following events: Barbados independent; Football War; First humans land on moon; Strategic Arms Limitation Talks between Soviet Union and United States (SALT I); Nixon visits China; Paris Peace Accords signed; Bahamas independent; OAPEC oil embargo begins; Grenada independent; Nixon resigns.

Counterculture Revolution

American Superpower

North America 1974.0809

Counterculture Revolution

America in World War II, the Cold War and today (9 August 1974)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

Outside the Americas, the US had been fighting communism in Vietnam since the early 1960s. Meanwhile American society was being transformed by the wave of liberalism sweeping much of the Western world. Alongside pushing for minority rights and challenging authority, protesters also demanded an end to the extensive US involvement in Vietnam. From 1969, President Nixon worked to defuse tensions abroad - signing agreements with the Soviet Union, Communist China, and finally communist North Vietnam - before being forced to resign after the Watergate scandal. At the same time, US scientists out-competed their Soviet counterparts in the "Space Race" by landing a man on the moon.

Main Events

Barbados independent

British colony of Barbados becomes an independent state and member of the Commonwealth of Nations

Football War

Tensions between El Salvador and Honduras, coinciding with rioting over football matches, result in brief war

First humans land on moon

Apollo 11 lands US astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on the moon

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks between Soviet Union and United States (SALT I)

Nixon visits China

United States President Richard Nixon visits China

Paris Peace Accords signed

United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam and the Viet Cong sign Paris Peace Accords

Bahamas independent

British colony of the Bahamas becomes independent and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations

OAPEC oil embargo begins

Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) decide to cut oil production to force the United States to end support of Israel

Grenada independent

British colony of Grenada becomes independent state

Nixon resigns

Richard Nixon becomes first United States president to resign, following Watergate scandal

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