North America 1838
Fragmentation of Central America
A united Central America had broken away from Mexico in 1823, but remained unstable. In 1837, revolution erupted in Guatemala ...
North America 1840
Mexico was more stable than Central America, but only marginally so. Under the Centralist regime which had held sway since ...
North America 1852
Opening up the West
The surge in migrants heading west put increasing pressure on the Oregon Trail. To secure the Trail, the US government ...
North America 1857
For many US citizens, the Mexican-American War had demonstrated that conquering Latin America was both easy and the natural destiny ...
North America 1860
Secession of South Carolina
By 1860, the rift between the slave states of the southern United States and the free states of the north ...
North America 1862
Battle of Antietam
Having established naval supremacy, Union forces landed on the Virginia peninsula and advanced on Richmond, only to be smashed by ...
North America 1898
By 1898, the long-running Cuban war for independence was aggravating US-Spanish relations. In February, the USS Maine sunk in an ...
North America 1911
Mexico had been stable for four decades, most of that time under the presidency of Porfirio Diaz. But by 1910 ...
South America 1918
South America in the Great War
When World War I broke out in Europe, the German East Asia Squadron attempted to reach the Atlantic via the ...
North America 1921
Washington Naval Conference
Following the War, the US and Japan began expanding and modernizing their fleets. To avoid an arms race between these ...
South America 1922
In 1922, Colombia and Peru signed the Salomón–Lozano Treaty to resolve their long-standing border dispute. However, Peru - which had ...
South America 1933
Bolivia and Paraguay were both left land-locked by the 19th century's wars in South America. Having lost substantial territory ...
North America 1934
The Great Depression hit the United States hard, with a nearly 45% drop in industrial production and widespread unemployment peaking ...
South America 1942
Brazil enters World War II
On 7 December 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, bringing the United States into World War II. Brazil almost immediately began ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
South America 1948
Following the end of World War II, suspicion and hostility grew between the United States and the Soviet Union. In ...
North America 1949
North Atlantic Treaty
World War II left the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in Europe. Relations between the ...
South America 1962
Cold War reaches Latin America
Less than a month after the signing of the Rio Pact in 1948 - and while the Organization of American States ...
North America 1966
Operation Power Pack
Castro's success in Cuba helped inspire further revolts across Latin America. In April 1965, the Dominican Revolutionary Party overthrew ...
South America 1970
Exporting the Revolution
The success of the Cuban Revolution inspired revolts and left-wing insurgencies across the Americas. However, most of these movements lacked ...