East Asia 1940
Japanese Invasion of French Indochina
While Nomonhan and the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact seemed to put an end to ideas of Japanese expansion north, the outbreak of ...
Southern Asia 1941
Japanese Intervention in French Indochina
Germany's defeat of France in 1940 left the French overseas empire vulnerable. Japan, which was already at war with ...
East Asia 1945
Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa
By now the United States was ready to advance on the Japanese home islands. In February, US forces landed on ...
Southern Asia 1945
Reconquest of Burma
In March and April 1945 the British advanced south into Japanese-occupied Burma, capturing Rangoon in an amphibious assault in early ...
East Asia 1945
Occupation of Japan
US forces arrived in Tokyo in late August to accept the formal Japanese surrender and begin the occupation of Japan ...
Southern Asia 1945
Japanese Surrender in South-East Asia
On 15 August 1945, Japan agreed to unconditional surrender, bringing an end to World War II. However, it would take ...
East Asia 1946
During the war in China, the Communists had gradually built up power in the rural areas behind Japanese lines. When ...
Southern Asia 1946
Independence in the Middle East
During World War II, the French had promised Syria and Lebanon independence. After the war, they attempted to revoke these ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1947
In 1946 the French Fourth Republic replaced the French Empire with the French Union - an attempt to assimilate the French ...
East Asia 1947
Indonesian War of Independence
Indonesian nationalists had proclaimed independence two days after the Japanese surrender, beginning a war to liberate the East Indies from ...
Southern Asia 1947
Partition of India
The end of World War II saw British India in a state of increasing unrest, with debt-ridden Britain unwilling to ...
East Asia 1949
People's Republic of China
In April 1949, the Chinese Communists crossed the Yangtze River and took the Nationalist capital of Nanjing. On October 1 ...
East Asia 1954
First Indochina War
In Indochina, France had been struggling with Vietnamese communist-nationalists, the Viet Minh, since 1946. When the Viet Minh invaded Laos ...
End of Soviet Influence in China
The Korean War was effectively ended with a formal ceasefire in 1953. With the immediate threat from the West over ...
East Asia 1959
China under Mao
Following the end of the Korean War in 1953 and France's Indochina War in 1954, China began to move ...
West New Guinea dispute
When the Netherlands recognized Indonesian independence, it retained western New Guinea on the grounds that its West Papuan inhabitants did ...
East Asia 1963
Formation of Malaysia
In 1961, Indonesia attacked Dutch New Guinea. The dispute was resolved by the United Nations, which transferred the territory to ...
North America 1966
Operation Power Pack
Castro's success in Cuba helped inspire further revolts across Latin America. In April 1965, the Dominican Revolutionary Party overthrew ...
East Asia 1968
At the end of the First Indochina War, Vietnam had been divided between a Communist North and a pro-Western South ...
Sino-Soviet Border Conflict
In 1966, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution, a hugely destructive campaign to purge China of anti-Communist thought. By now, Chinese ...