Height of the Cold War

Soviet Superpower

Russia 1963.0626

Height of the Cold War

The Cold War from the Soviet Union's view (26 June 1963)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

Although the Warsaw Pact was officially a defensive alliance, attempts to break with the Pact were crushed in Hungary (1956) and Czechoslovakia (1968). Confrontation with the United States peaked in the early 1960s with the Arms Race, the construction of the Berlin Wall (1961), the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962), and the Vietnam War.

Main Events

Soviets leave Dairen

Soviet troops leave Dairen/Port Arthur, giving Chinese complete control

Karelo-Finnish SSR abolished

Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic incorporated into Russian SFSR as the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration

Japan and the Soviet Union sign a Joint Declaration formally ending the war between them and restoring diplomatic relations

Suez Crisis

Great Britain, France and Israel attack Egypt, but are forced to back down by United States and Soviet Union

Soviet Union crushes Hungarian Revolution

Soviets launch Sputnik, the first artificial satellite to be put in orbit

East Germany seals off border between East and West Berlin, beginning construction of Berlin Wall

Cuban Missile Crisis

United States discovery of Soviet ballistic missiles deployed in Cuba leads to 13-day confrontation between US and Soviet Union, ultimately resulting in the withdrawal of the missiles

China-Mongolian Border Treaty

China-Mongolian Border Treaty delimits boundary between China, Mongolia and Soviet Union

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