Northern Africa 1911: Italo-Turkish War
In 1902 Italy had signed a secret treaty with France, giving it the right to intervene in Ottoman Tripolitania (Libya) in return for supporting the French in Morocco. With the eruption of the Agadir Crisis over Morocco in 1911, Italy seized its opportunity, declaring war on the Ottoman Empire and quickly occupying the coast of Tripolitania.
29 Sep 1911 Italo-Turkish War▲
In a 1902 secret treaty, Italy agreed to French freedom of intervention in the Kingdom of Morocco in return for the Italian right to intervene in Ottoman Tripolitania (Libya). When the Agadir Crisis erupted over French actions in Morocco in April 1911, Britain and Russia—both French allies—also came out in support of a prompt Italian action against the Ottomans. Encouraged, Italy declared war on the Ottoman Empire in September.
3 Oct–5 Nov 1911 Italian invasion of Tripolitania▲
In early October 1911 the Italian fleet began the bombardment of Tripoli, capital of the Ottoman Vilayet of Tripolitania (Libya). On the 4th, 19,000 Italian and 1,000 Somali troops began landing outside the major coastal towns, capturing Tripoli on the 5th. Tobruk, Derna, and Benghazi fell later that month, encouraging Italy to declare the annexation of Tripolitania on 5 November.