Northern Africa 1914: Togoland Campaign
On 5 August 1914, a day after Britain declared war on Germany, the Allies cut the German undersea cables connecting Germany to its African colonies. Isolated, the Germans of Togoland retreated into the interior, only to be overwhelmed by invading British and French forces in a 20-day campaign.
6 Aug 1914–5 Jan 1915 Allied invasion of Kamerun▲
In August 1914 France invaded the German protectorate of Kamerun from the east in an attempt to regain the Neukamerun territory it had ceded to Germany in 1911. In the meantime, the British invaded from Nigeria, attacking Mora in the far north, Garua, and Nsanakong in the south. Although naval supremacy allowed the Allies to secure Kamerun’s coast in September, elsewhere German resistance was tenacious, enabling them to counterattack into Nigeria, Ubangi-Shari-Chad, and Middle Congo, and by early 1915 the invasion had been stalled.
6–26 Aug 1914 Togoland Campaign▲
On 5 August 1914, a day after Britain declared war on Germany, the Allies cut the German undersea cables connecting Germany to its African colonies. With the radio station at Kamina as his only remaining connection to the homeland, acting-Governor Döring of the German colony of Togoland proposed neutrality to the Allies; when his terms were rejected, he strategically abandoned the capital of Lomé and retreated into the interior. The next day the British and French invaded from their neighboring colonies, conquering Togoland in a 20-day campaign.
15 Aug–15 Sep 1914 Invasion of East Africa Protectorate▲
At 3am on 15 August 1914 a German-led company of 200 Schutztruppe crossed the border between German East Africa and the British East Africa Protectorate and occupied Taveta village, near Mount Kilimanjaro. Three weeks later, to the north, another German force crossed the border, seizing the Lake Victoria port of Karungu on 9 September. After a brief incursion as far as Kisii, the Germans withdrew from this sector in the face of British reinforcements.