The Soviet Union under Stalin
The Soviet Union under Stalin (25 November 1936)
Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union
Even more concerning to the Soviets than Japan's occupation of Manchuria, the deeply anti-Communist Adolf Hitler became German Chancellor in 1933 and set about rearming Germany. When the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, Stalin supported the incumbent Republicans while Hitler aided their Nationalist rivals. That same year, Germany joined Japan in the Anti-Comintern Pact, a thinly veiled alliance against the Soviet Union.
Soviet famine results in millions of deaths, particularly in Ukraine and Volga region
Chancellor Adolf Hitler
In a coalition agreement between the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP or Nazi party) and the German National People's Party (DNVP), German President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Nazi leader Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany. From here Hitler will move swiftly to consolidate absolute power.
Soviet invasion of Xinjiang
Volunteer Soviet troops and White Guards begin intervening in Xinjiang, China, to relieve the siege of Xinjiang's governor Shen Shicai in Urumqi by the Kuomintang-allied forces of Zhang Peiyuan and Ma Zhongying. When these troops prove unsuccessful, two brigades of about 7,000 Soviet OGPU troops invade, supported by tanks, aircraft, and artillery with mustard gas. Breaking through at Kulja and Chuguchak, they defeat Ma after several weeks battle on the frozen Tutung River outside Urumqi. A further defeat at Dawan Cheng drives Ma south to Kashgar, after which most of the Soviet forces withdraw.
Stalin represses all perceived opposition