Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 24 Oct 1962 (American Superpower: Cuban Missile Crisis), showing the following events: State of Alaska; Cuban landings in Dominican Rep.; Hawaii becomes US state; US embargo against Cuba begins; Guatemalan Civil War begins; Bay of Pigs invasion; Venezuela reopens Guiana dispute; West Indies Fed. dissolved; Jamaica independent; Trinidad & Tobago independent; Cuban Missile Crisis.

Cuban Missile Crisis

American Superpower

North America 1962.1024

Cuban Missile Crisis

America in World War II, the Cold War and today (24 October 1962)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

US-Cuban relations quickly deteriorated as Castro's new regime cracked down on the influence of foreign businesses and supported revolution abroad. In 1961, the US backed Cuban exiles in an attempt to overthrow Castro by landing at the Bay of Pigs, only to be repelled by the Cuban Army. Cuba responded by aligning with the Soviet Union and secretly hosting nuclear missiles capable of reaching the US mainland. When the US discovered the missiles, it confronted the Soviets in a tense standoff that threatened all-out nuclear war but was ultimately defused when the Soviets agreed to back down.

Main Events

State of Alaska

On 7 July 1958, United States President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Act. In accordance with this act, the Territory of Alaska was admitted to the Union as the 49th state - the State of Alaska - on 3 January 1959.

Cuban landings in Dominican Rep.

Cuban plane lands guerillas in Dominican Republic in attempt to overthrow Rafael Trujillo, followed by yacht-borne invasion, but Dominican Army prevails

Hawaii becomes US state

Territory of Hawaii admitted to US as state of Hawaii

US embargo against Cuba begins

United States places embargo on exports to Cuba (except for food and medicine)

Guatemalan Civil War begins

Left-wing junior military officers lead revolt against government of General Ydigoras Fuentes in Guatemala; defeated, they flee to eastern hills to start 13 November Revolutionary Movement (MR-13)

Bay of Pigs invasion

United States-backed force of Cuban exiles attempts invasion of Cuba by landing at Bay of Pigs, but is defeated by Fidel Castro's government

Venezuela reopens Guiana dispute

At United Nations discussion on independence for British Guiana, Venezuela alleges the 1899 Arbitral Award was invalid and reasserts its claim on the region west of the Essequibo River

West Indies Fed. dissolved

West Indies Federation is dissolved after Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago opt for separate independence

Jamaica independent

British Colony of Jamaica becomes independent state within the Commonwealth

Trinidad & Tobago independent

Trinidad and Tobago gain independence from United Kingdom

Cuban Missile Crisis

United States discovery of Soviet ballistic missiles deployed in Cuba leads to 13-day confrontation between US and Soviet Union, ultimately resulting in the withdrawal of the missiles

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