North America 1832
Trail of Tears
In 1830, there were still five large American Indian groups living as semi-independent nations east of the Mississippi: the Cherokee ...
North America 1890
Wounded Knee Massacre
By 1890, American Indian resistance in the western United States had been crushed and settlers and railways had closed the ...
North America 1895
Nicaragua and Venezuela Crises
In 1894, Nicaragua annexed the Mosquito Reserve, violating a previous treaty with Great Britain. In response, the British occupied Corinto ...
North America 1900
Thousand Days' War
The Spanish-American War gave the US an empire in the Caribbean and the Pacific and marked its emergence as a ...
North America 1904
The American gains against Spain increased its interest in procuring a Central American canal to link its Atlantic and Pacific ...
South America 1908
Rio Branco's Treaties
The scramble for resources, especially rubber, in the South American interior in the late 19th and early 20th centuries saw ...
North America 1911
Mexico had been stable for four decades, most of that time under the presidency of Porfirio Diaz. But by 1910 ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
South America 1945
South America in World War II
Brazil was the only South American country to send troops abroad during World War II and, despite US pressure, only ...
South America 1948
Following the end of World War II, suspicion and hostility grew between the United States and the Soviet Union. In ...
North America 1949
North Atlantic Treaty
World War II left the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in Europe. Relations between the ...
North America 1962
Cuban Missile Crisis
US-Cuban relations quickly deteriorated as Castro's new regime cracked down on the influence of foreign businesses and supported revolution ...
South America 1962
Cold War reaches Latin America
Less than a month after the signing of the Rio Pact in 1948 - and while the Organization of American States ...
South America 1979
In response to the guerrilla movements of the 1960s and 1970s, the right-wing governments of southern South America organized Operation ...
North America 2001
September 11 attacks
To defeat Iraq, the US had based troops in Saudi Arabia - a move which offended a number of Muslims. One ...
North America 2014
Mexican Drug War
The US responded to the September 11 attacks by declaring a "War on Terror" and invading Afghanistan, where Al-Qaeda was ...
South America 2017
The US victory in the Cold War encouraged Latin American states to adopt neoliberalism; a course which led to economic ...