the Arctic 1825
Britain and the United States followed their 1818 treaty by defining their boundaries with Spain and Russia. The Spanish, with ...
the Arctic 1867
While the British worried about the Americans in British Columbia, the Russians had come to accept that they could not ...
North America 1867
US expansionism, its purchase of Alaska and its alleged support of Irish Republican Fenian raiders encouraged the British to listen ...
the Arctic 1869
In Japan, the instability which had followed the arrival of Perry's ships had ultimately led to the termination of ...
North America 1870
Rupert's Land Act
Canada quickly expanded as Britain began to transfer its other North American possessions to the dominion. First up were Rupert ...
the Arctic 1898
Klondike Gold Rush
On August 16, 1896, gold was discovered on the Yukon River, in the Klondike region of Canada's North-West Territories ...
North America 1904
The American gains against Spain increased its interest in procuring a Central American canal to link its Atlantic and Pacific ...
the Arctic 1905
After more than ninety years of personal union, Norway split from Sweden in 1905. Despite initial tensions, war was averted ...
Death of Lenin
Following a number of strokes and possibly still weakened from a 1918 assassination attempt, Lenin died a year after the ...
the Arctic 1925
Soviet-Japanese Peace Treaty
The Japanese withdrew from the Russian mainland in October 1922, allowing the Soviets to annex the Far Eastern Republic just ...
the Arctic 1942
Aleutian Islands Campaign
After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese expanded rapidly across Southeast Asia and the western Pacific. Then, in a ...
the Arctic 1943
North Atlantic Weather War
Increasing Allied dominance of the Arctic also gave them a massive advantage in meteorology - storms would often arise in this ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
North America 1962
Cuban Missile Crisis
US-Cuban relations quickly deteriorated as Castro's new regime cracked down on the influence of foreign businesses and supported revolution ...
the Arctic 1977
In 1949, the Soviet Union tested its first nuclear device, leading to an arms and technology race with the US ...