North America 1845
Annexation of Texas
An even bigger flashpoint than Oregon was Texas, which wanted to join the US despite Mexican warnings that doing so ...
North America 1861
Attack on Fort Sumter
Despite the Confederacy's declaration of independence, the United States Army still garrisoned a number of forts in the south ...
North America 1863
Dominican Restoration War
In 1861, facing bankruptcy and a potential Haitian invasion, the government of the Dominican Republic had requested re-annexation by Spain ...
North America 1865
Surrender of Army of Northern Virginia
Having consolidated in Georgia, Sherman turned north to invade the Carolinas and link up with Union forces in Virginia. Meanwhile ...
North America 1907
Great White Fleet
In 1902-03, Britain, Germany and Italy had blockaded Venezuela when it refused to repay its foreign debts. In response, US ...
North America 1917
United States Enters the Great War
While the US was embroiled in Latin America, the Great War had erupted across Europe, pitting the German-led Central Powers ...
North America 1929
Wall Street Crash
Further measures to ensure world peace were made at the US and French sponsored Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928. In the ...
South America 1933
Bolivia and Paraguay were both left land-locked by the 19th century's wars in South America. Having lost substantial territory ...
North America 1934
The Great Depression hit the United States hard, with a nearly 45% drop in industrial production and widespread unemployment peaking ...
South America 1942
Brazil enters World War II
On 7 December 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, bringing the United States into World War II. Brazil almost immediately began ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
South America 1948
Following the end of World War II, suspicion and hostility grew between the United States and the Soviet Union. In ...
North America 1949
North Atlantic Treaty
World War II left the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in Europe. Relations between the ...
North America 1962
Cuban Missile Crisis
US-Cuban relations quickly deteriorated as Castro's new regime cracked down on the influence of foreign businesses and supported revolution ...
South America 1962
Cold War reaches Latin America
Less than a month after the signing of the Rio Pact in 1948 - and while the Organization of American States ...
North America 1966
Operation Power Pack
Castro's success in Cuba helped inspire further revolts across Latin America. In April 1965, the Dominican Revolutionary Party overthrew ...
South America 1970
Exporting the Revolution
The success of the Cuban Revolution inspired revolts and left-wing insurgencies across the Americas. However, most of these movements lacked ...