Anglo-French Entente

The Rise of Japan

East Asia 1907.0408

Anglo-French Entente

The Rise of Japan, the Xinhai Revolution, and World War I in Asia (8 April 1907)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

The Russo-Japanese War had threatened to embroil France and Britain, the allies of the two combatants. To preserve the peace between them, they signed the Entente Cordiale. In Asia, this led to the division of Siam into spheres of influence in 1907 and the subsequent expansion of French Indochina and British Malaya at Siam's expense.

Main Events

Treaty of Portsmouth

At the Treaty of Portsmouth, Japan receives southern Sakhalin and leases on Port Arthur and the southern part of the Chinese Eastern Railway from Russian Empire, ending the Russo-Japanese War.

Japan establishes a protectorate over Korea

Anglo-Chinese Convention

The Qing dynasty and the British Empire signed the Convention Between Great Britain and China Respecting Tibet, reaffirming the Chinese possession of Tibet. The British agreed not to interfere in Tibet, while China confirmed that it would not permit any other foreign state to do so. This Convention succeeded the 1904 Treaty of Lhasa between Tibet and Britain.

Anglo-French Agreement on Siam

Following the terms of the Entente Cordiale, the French Republic and the United Kingdom establish spheres of influence in the Kingdom of Siam. The British recognize French influence to the east of the River Menam basin; in turn, the French recognize British influence to the west of the Menam basin. Both parties disclaim any idea of annexing Siamese territory.

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