China under Mao

The Cold War in Asia

East Asia 1959.0328

China under Mao

Korean War, Indochina War, Vietnam War, Invasion of Tibet, Mao Zedong (28 March 1959)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

Following the end of the Korean War in 1953 and France's Indochina War in 1954, China began to move away from its dependence on the Soviet Union. From 1958-61, Mao Zedong attempted to rapidly modernize China with the Great Leap Forward, only to trigger famines which killed tens of millions of people. At the same time, Tibet unsuccessfully attempted to throw off Chinese rule, forcing its leader, the Dalai Lama, to take sanctuary in India.

Main Events

Creation of North and South Vietnam

Geneva Conference ends First Indochina War, temporarily separating Vietnam into northern and southern zones

SEATO formed

Manila Pact signed, creating South East Asia Treaty Organization

Soviets leave Dairen

Soviet troops leave Dairen/Port Arthur, giving Chinese complete control

Independence of Malaya

British grant Federation of Malaya independence

Great Leap Forward

Mao Zedong's Great Leap Forward campaign attempts to rapidly modernize China but leads to Great Chinese Famine

Tibetan uprising

Tibet unsuccessfully revolts against Chinese rule

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