First Indochina War

The Cold War in Asia

East Asia 1954.0506

First Indochina War

Korean War, Indochina War, Vietnam War, Invasion of Tibet, Mao Zedong (6 May 1954)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

In Indochina, France had been struggling with Vietnamese communist-nationalists, the Viet Minh, since 1946. When the Viet Minh invaded Laos in 1953, the French tried to cut their supply lines by setting up a base at Dien Bien Phu. But the French had underestimated their opponents, instead suffering a humiliating defeat which forced them to abandon the war.

Main Events

End of occupation of Japan

Treaty of San Francisco goes into effect, ending Allied occupation of Japan and restoring Japan's independence

Viet Minh invade Laos

Viet Minh decide to expand Indochina War by attacking French outposts in Laos

Korean Armistice Agreement

Korean Armistice Agreement signed, ending hostilities in Korean War

Battle of Dien Bien Phu

Viet Minh forces decisively defeat French at Dien Bien Phu

About this map