Outbreak of the Korean War

The Cold War in Asia

East Asia 1950.0914

Outbreak of the Korean War

Korean War, Indochina War, Vietnam War, Invasion of Tibet, Mao Zedong (14 September 1950)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

The Soviets and Americans had withdrawn from Korea in 1948, leaving it divided between a communist North Korea and a capitalist South Korea. In June 1950, North Korea invaded the South - a move condemned by the recently formed United Nations. Taking advantage of a Soviet boycott over the lack of recognition of the People's Republic of China, the UN unanimously agreed to intervene on behalf of South Korea.

Main Events

PRC captures Hainan

People's Republic of China takes Hainan Island from Nationalist China

Republic of South Maluku

Distrusting the Javanese and Muslim-dominated Republic of Indonesia, the largely Protestant and pro-Dutch South Moluccans - who have long contributed forces to the Royal Dutch East Indies Army (KNIL) - declare the independence of the Republic of South Maluku in Ambon and Seram.

Outbreak of Korean War

People's Democratic Republic of Korea invades Republic of Korea

UN demands North Korea end its invasion of South

United Nations Security Council passes UNSC Resolution 82 demanding North Korea immediately end its invasion of South Korea

UN resolves to assist South Korea

United Nations Security Council passes UNSC Resolution 84, recommending UN members provide military assistance to South Korea under unified command of United States

Dissolution of the United States of Indonesia

After gradually dissolving the non-Republic states of the the Republic of the United States of Indonesia (RUSI) into the Republic of Indonesia over the first half of 1950, President Sukarno officially dissolves the RUSI and replaces it with a unitary Republic of Indonesia.

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