Foreign support in Warlord China
From the end of the First Opium War to the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War (1842-1950), foreign influence ...
Southern Asia 1911
In 1910, the Chinese Empire reasserted itself and occupied Tibet. However, this would be the decadent Empire's last triumph ...
East Asia 1912
Yuan Shikai and the Republic of China
The Chinese revolutionary leader Sun Yatsen declared a republic in January 1912, but to avoid bloodshed he came to a ...
Southern Asia 1912
The collapse of the Chinese Empire allowed Tibet to expel its Chinese garrison and declare independence. When the new Republic ...
East Asia 1913
Second Chinese Revolution
Although military strongman Yuan Shikai had been made provisional president of the new Republic of China to preserve peace, he ...
Southern Asia 1913
By now the British dominated the Persian Gulf and the southern Arabian peninsula. To secure its gains in these regions ...
East Asia 1921
Russia in Mongolia
Ungern von Sternberg, a Russian general fleeing the Soviet advance, took advantage of Chinese weakness to occupy Mongolia. His rule ...
East Asia 1924
By 1924, the Zhili clique seemed poised to reunify China under its rule. However it was not to be. In ...
East Asia 1927
Northern Expedition Begins
While the warlords fought over northern China, the Kuomintang had been building up its strength in the south under its ...
Southern Asia 1927
Treaty of Jeddah
In December 1925 the Saudis completed their conquest of Hejaz, creating the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd. In order to ...
East Asia 1928
Aided by the Guangxi clique, the Chinese Nationalists drove the Communists into the mountains. With the Communists out of the ...
East Asia 1928
Northeast Flag Replacement
Japanese attempts to halt the Nationalist advance in China were thwarted when the warlord Yan Xishan unexpectedly seized Beijing on ...
Southern Asia 1929
The Saudi conquests in Arabia had been achieved with the support of the Ikhwan tribal armies, who wanted to go ...
East Asia 1930
Central Plains War
Despite the claims to unity, Chiang Kaishek's hold over China was tenuous. In 1930, Yan Xishan, the Guominjun and ...
Southern Asia 1931
By the early 1930s, Chiang Kaishek's Nationalists had reunified much of China, encouraging the remaining warlords to side with ...
Southern Asia 1935
In the 1920s, Mussolini's Fascists had risen to power in Italy, adopting an increasingly aggressive foreign policy. In 1934 ...
East Asia 1937
Marco Polo Bridge Incident
Many Chinese Nationalists saw Japan as the main threat and were unhappy with Chiang Kaishek's focus on destroying the ...
East Asia 1937
Fall of Nanjing
Japan's capture of Shanghai convinced Chiang Kaishek that his capital at Nanjing was indefensible, forcing him to relocate to ...
East Asia 1938
Fall of Wuhan
Although the defeat at Tai'erzhuang was a setback, the Japanese were soon on the offensive again. By October, they ...
East Asia 1939
A second Soviet-Japanese dispute broke out on the Mongolian border in May 1939, culminating in the Soviet defeat of Japanese ...