Marco Polo Bridge Incident

Second Sino-Japanese War

East Asia 1937.0707

Marco Polo Bridge Incident

Second Sino-Japanese War, Japan-China War, Rape of Nanking (7 July 1937)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

Many Chinese Nationalists saw Japan as the main threat and were unhappy with Chiang Kaishek's focus on destroying the Communists. In late 1936, they stepped in to force him to accept a United Front against Japan. Conflict erupted in Beiping (then the name for Beijing) in July the next year, when edgy Nationalist troops fired on Japanese performing military maneuvers at Marco Polo Bridge.

Main Events

February 26 Incident

Young Imperial Japanese Army officers lead a coup attempt in Tokyo, Japan, in a bid to purge the government and military leadership in favor of the radical 'Imperial Way'. Roughly 1500 men join the rebellion, successfully assassinating several leading officials (including two former prime ministers) and occupying a number of important buildings including the police headquarters. However the Emperor rejects the rebellion and it is suppressed over the following days, bringing an end to the factionalism which had divided the Japanese army.

Japanese back creation of Mongolian Military Government in Inner Mongolia

Germany and Japan sign Anti-Comintern Pact

Xian Incident

Zhang Xueliang arrests Chiang Kaishek to force him to accept a United Front with the Communists against Japan

Colony of Burma

Under the Government of India Act 1935, Burma Province is separated from the British Indian Empire to become the new Colony of Burma. The colony is granted a new constitution calling for a fully elected assembly, with Ba Maw acting as Deputy Chairman of the Executive Council.

Marco Polo Bridge Incident

Clash between Nationalist Chinese troops and Japanese troops in Beiping

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