Mukden Incident

China's Nanjing Decade

East Asia 1931.0918

Mukden Incident

The Northern Expedition, early Chinese Civil War, and Japanese incursions into China (18 September 1931)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

With the help of the Fengtian clique, Chiang Kaishek won the Central Plains War and was able to turn his attention to the reemergence of the Chinese Communist Party in the south. However Japanese militarists viewed Chiang's growing power with concern and, when a suspicious explosion occurred on the Japanese owned South Manchuria Railway near the Chinese city of Mukden, they were ready to act.

Main Events

Nationalist victory in Central Plains War

Chiang Kaishek's Nationalist regime defeats rivals in Central Plains War

Fengtian clique takes Beiping in support of Chiang Kaishek's Nationalist regime

Britain returns Weihaiwei to China

Chinese Nationalists begin their Encirclement Campaigns against the Communists

Chen Jitang, governor of Guangdong, rebels across authority of Chinese Nationalist regime

First Ma intervention in Xinjiang

Ma Zhongying, a Muslim warlord of Gansu province and a member of the Ma clique, invades Xinjiang province to support the Kumul Rebellion in western China. Ma claims his intervention is on behalf of the National Government of China - which has indeed secretly agreed to recognize him if he captures Xinjiang from the reigning governor Jin Shuren. However, he fails to capture the city of Kumul and is forced to withdraw after he is wounded.

Mukden Incident

Japanese Army uses a staged terrorist attack on the South Manchuria Railway as an excuse to invade Manchuria

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