Warlords and Revolutionaries
East Asia 1917.1215
The Xinhai Revolution, World War I in Asia, the Warlord Era in China, the Russian Revolution and the Siberian Intervention (15 December 1917)
Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific
Yuan Shikai's successor, Duan Qirui, failed to retake the south or rein in the growing power of rival factions in the north. Opposition to Duan's desire to join World War I caused such chaos that royalists were able to briefly seize Beijing. Entry into the War gave him Japanese support, but only a few months later the Russian Revolution broke out, bringing even more instability to the East.
Chinese government polarizes into supporters of Duan Qirui (Anhui Clique) and his opponents (Zhili Clique)
Zhang Xun briefly restores Manchu emperor Puyi to throne
Entry of China into World War I
The Republic of China, under Premier Duan Qirui, declares war on Germany, entering World War I on the side of the Allies.
Duan Qirui's north Chinese forces attack on Hunan defeated by Constitutional Protection Army
On October 25 (Old Style), Bolshevik Red Guards, led by Leon Trotsky, mount an armed insurrection in Petrograd, capital of the Russian Republic, capturing several government buildings. The following day, they seize the Winter Palace, the seat of Alexander Kerensky's Provisional Government. The Bolsheviks declare a new government, the Council of People's Commissars, with Vladimir Lenin as its head. Simultaneously and over the following days, other Bolshevik uprisings take place in towns and cities across Russia.