The Rise of Japan
East Asia 1905.0904
The Rise of Japan, the Xinhai Revolution, and World War I in Asia (4 September 1905)
Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific
Japan swiftly overran Korea and southern Manchuria, capturing Port Arthur after a prolonged siege. In an attempt to gain naval supremacy, Russia sent its European fleet halfway around the world - only to have the Japanese destroy it at Tsushima. Unsuccessful in the war and facing widespread unrest at home, the Russians sued for peace.
Japan overruns Korea
The United Kingdom and the French Republic sign the Entente Cordiale, improving Anglo-French relations by settling colonial differences: Britain is given dominance in Egypt and France in Morocco; disputes in West Africa are settled in France's favor;
France renounces rights to fisheries in Newfoundland; and Siam is to be divided into zones of influence.
Russians agree to surrender Port Arthur to Japanese army
Japanese destroy Russian fleet in Tsushima Straits
Invasion of Sakhalin
Two parties totaling 14,000 Japanese troops landed between Aniwa and Korsakov on Sakhalin island, meeting little opposition. The Japanese moved on to capture Korsakov, defeating 2000 Russians, before heading north to capture most of southern Sakhalin by 16 July. On 24 July, they landed in northern Sakhalin where they forced the 5000 Russian defenders to surrender.