Mexican Drug War

American Superpower

North America 2014.1126

Mexican Drug War

America in World War II, the Cold War and today (26 November 2014)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

The US responded to the September 11 attacks by declaring a "War on Terror" and invading Afghanistan, where Al-Qaeda was based. More controversially, it followed this up by occupying Iraq in 2003. Meanwhile increased security at US ports had helped turn Mexico into the main transit route of illegal drugs into the US. As the drug cartels became more powerful and violent, the Mexican government attempted to suppress them but after almost 8 years fighting has only had limited success.

Main Events

Operation Enduring Freedom

Following the September 11 Attacks, the United States joined forces with NATO and a coalition of other states to intervene in Afghanistan, supporting the Northern Alliance against the rival Taliban regime which was harboring Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. The Allies invaded Afghanistan on 7 October, with the Northern Alliance capturing the capital Kabul on 13 November.

Operation Iraqi Freedom

Alleging that Iraq was developing weapons of mass destruction, the United States formed a "Coalition of the Willing" to invade the country in March 2003. Although Coalition forces defeated the ruling Ba'ath Party by early May of that year, no such weapons were found, and a state of war continued to exist between the Coalition and domestic insurgent groups until US withdrawal in 2011.

US occupation of Haiti

In Operation Secure Tomorrow, United States led a multinational force to end unrest in Haiti, remaining until a United Nations peacekeeping force could be deployed.

ALBA formed

In Cuba-Venezuela Agreement, Presidents Fidel Castro (Cuba) and Hugo Chavez (Venezuela) created the Bolivarian Alternative for the Peoples of the Americas (ALBA), a political organization aiming for social, economic and political integration in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina hit southeast Louisiana, flooding 80% of New Orleans and killing at least 1,833 people.

Mexican Drug War

On 11 December 2006, the government of Mexico authorized military force against La Familia drug cartel in the state of Michoacán. Over the following three years, Mexico launched parallel attacks against cartels in Baja California, Sinaloa, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Chihuahua, Quintana Roo. The operations had limited success and a broad insurgency exists throughout the country to the present time.

Subprime mortgage crisis

During a boom in housing construction, the bundling and improper rating of high-risk mortgages caused the United States bond market to crash in 2007. The ensuing financial crisis sent the US economy into the Great Recession, with the stock market crashing a year later.

Haiti earthquake

On 12 January 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake near Leogane, 25km west of Port au Prince, Haiti, affected 3 million people, killing at least 100,000.

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