Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 04 May 1904 (American Empire: Panamian Rebellion), showing the following events: Caste War of Yucatán ends; Hay-Pauncefote Treaty; Cuba independent; Venezuela Crisis; Platt Amendment; Hay-Herbert Treaty; Panama separates from Colombia; Panama Canal Zone established.

Panamian Rebellion

American Empire

North America 1904.0504

Panamian Rebellion

The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (4 May 1904)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

The American gains against Spain increased its interest in procuring a Central American canal to link its Atlantic and Pacific possessions. In 1902, the US purchased the remnants of the failed French attempt to build a canal through Panama, then part of war-torn Colombia. When negotiations with Colombia stalled, the US backed a Panamanian rebellion and gained the rights to a canal that way. Work started in 1904 and the Panama Canal was completed ten years later.

Main Events

Caste War of Yucatán ends

Mexican federal troops retook Balacar from the Cruzob Maya, with Chan Santa Cruz falling at about the same time. These actions officially ended the Caste War of Yucatán, although sporadic Mayan unrest in the region would continue until April 1933.

Hay-Pauncefote Treaty

The United States of America, represented by John Hay, and the United Kingdom, represented by Lord Pauncefote, signed the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, nullifying the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850 and giving the United States the right to construct and control a canal across the Central American isthmus to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

Cuba independent

The United States ended its protectorate over Cuba.

Venezuela Crisis

Britain, Germany and Italy blockaded Venezuela over its refusal to pay foreign debts and damages suffered by European citizens in the recent civil war.

Platt Amendment

The Platt Amendment granted the United States bases at Guantánamo Bay and Bahia Honda.

Hay-Herbert Treaty

On 24 January 1903, the United States and the United Kingdom signed the Hay-Herbert Treaty, entrusting the resolution of the boundary dispute between Alaska and Canada to an arbitration by a mixed tribunal of three Americans, two Canadians, and one Briton. On 20 October, this tribunal agreed on a final demarcation line that was a compromise between the American and Canadian claims.

Panama separates from Colombia

Panama broke away from Colombia with the backing of the United States.

Panama Canal Zone established

The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty was signed by United States and Panama, establishing Panama Canal Zone.

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