North America 1904.0504
The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (4 May 1904)
Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean
The American gains against Spain increased its interest in procuring a Central American canal to link its Atlantic and Pacific possessions. In 1902, the US purchased the remnants of the failed French attempt to build a canal through Panama, then part of war-torn Colombia. When negotiations with Colombia stalled, the US backed a Panamanian rebellion and gained the rights to a canal that way. Work started in 1904 and the Panama Canal was completed ten years later.
Caste War of Yucatán ends
Mexican federal troops retake Balacar from the Cruzob Maya, with Chan Santa Cruz falling at about the same time; these actions officially end the Caste War of Yucatán, although sporadic Mayan unrest in the region will continue until April 1933
The United States of America, represented by John Hay, and the United Kingdom, represented by Lord Pauncefote, sign the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, nullifying the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850 and giving the United States the right to construct and control a canal across the Central American isthmus to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
United States ends its protectorate over Cuba
Britain, Germany and Italy blockade Venezuela over its refusal to pay foreign debts and damages suffered by European citizens in the recent civil war
Platt Amendment grants United States bases at Guantanamo Bay and Bahia Honda
On 24 January 1903, the United States and the United Kingdom signed the Hay-Herbert Treaty, entrusting the resolution of the boundary dispute between Alaska and Canada to an arbitration by a mixed tribunal of three Americans, two Canadians, and one Briton. On 20 October, this tribunal agreed on a final demarcation line that was a compromise between the American and Canadian claims.
Panama separates from Colombia
Panama breaks away from Colombia with the backing of the United States
Panama Canal Zone established
Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty signed by United States and Panama, establishing Panama Canal Zone