Jinan Incident

China's Nanjing Decade

East Asia 1928.0511

Jinan Incident

The Northern Expedition, early Chinese Civil War, and Japanese incursions into China (11 May 1928)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

Aided by the Guangxi clique, the Chinese Nationalists drove the Communists into the mountains. With the Communists out of the way, Chiang Kaishek was ready to resume his march on Beijing. However when he attacked the Fengtian clique, the Japanese intervened, expelling the Nationalists from the strategic city of Jinan.


Warlord China

From the Zhili-Anhui War (1920) to the Nationalist recapture of Beijing (1928), control over China fluctuated as various warlords fought for power. The foreign powers handled this situation by regarding whichever warlords controlled Beijing as the legitimate government of China, even though these warlords often had no influence outside the city.

To depict this situation, this atlas shows the recognized government of China as warlord-controlled rather than as an independent entity, with its size changing depending on how much authority the government had outside of Beijing. However the actual recognized borders of China itself did not change during this period.

Main Events

Wuhan Government breaks with Chinese Communists

Nanchang Uprising

Communists briefly occupy Nanchang before being expelled by Kuomintang

Kuomintang takes Fengtian clique headquarters at Fuzhou (Southern Shandong)

Japan occupies Jinan

Japanese land at Qingdao and take Jinan from Kuomintang, proclaiming that they will take measures to restore order should war break out in northeast China

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