Berlin Blockade

Soviet Superpower

Russia 1948.0624

Berlin Blockade

The Cold War from the Soviet Union's view (24 June 1948)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

As a result of the War, Germany had been divided into Allied zones of occupation. The German capital, Berlin, was also divided, even though it was completely surrounded by Soviet-occupied Germany. In 1947, the Americans and British united their zones in Germany. The Soviets, who opposed any restoration of German power, responded by cutting off land and water access to Berlin from the west. However, the western allies were able to save Berlin from choosing between starvation and Soviet dominance by providing to all the city's needs through airlifts. Unwilling to start a war by shooting down the supply aircraft, the Soviets were forced to back down.

Main Events

Reoccupation of Iranian Azerbaijan

Following the Soviet withdrawal from northwest Iran, Iranian troops move into Tabriz, capital of the Azerbaijan People's Government. The following day, Iran also occupies the Republic of Mahabad. Many of the Azerbaijani and Kurdish supporters of the two separatist republics flee to neighboring Soviet Azerbaijan.

British and United States combine their occupation zones in Germany

Finland cedes Petsamo to the Soviet Union

Romanian, Hungarian and Bulgarian borders defined

Partition of India

Under the direction of Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma, the last Viceroy of the British Indian Empire, British India is partitioned into the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan and the Union of India. As Pakistan is designated as a Muslim homeland, the religiously mixed provinces of Punjab and Bengal are also divided between the two new states. The princely states are advised to choose between Pakistan and India, rather than retain independence.

U.S. Congress passes Marshall Aid Act, contributing $5.3 billion for European recovery

Soviet Union stop land and water communications between Berlin and the West

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