Decolonization in the Caribbean

American Superpower

North America 1979.1027

Decolonization in the Caribbean

America in World War II, the Cold War and today (27 October 1979)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

In the 1960s and '70s, the British withdrew from most of their remaining colonies in the Americas. A brief attempt to create a West Indies Federation collapsed when Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago decided to pull out, resulting in each island group getting its own independence. Elsewhere in the region, the British and Dutch left Guyana and Suriname; and the US agreed to return the Canal Zone to Panama.

Main Events

North Vietnam conquers South

North Vietnamese conquer South Vietnam in their Spring Offensive

Suriname independent

Dutch constituent country Suriname becomes fully independent as Republic of Suriname

Nicaraguan Revolution

Sandinista National Liberation Front overthrows dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza Debayle in Nicaragua

Dominica independent

United Kingdom grants independence to Commonwealth of Dominica

St Lucia independent

British associated state Saint Lucia becomes fully independent and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations

Canal Zone returned to Panama

Under terms of The Panama Canal Treaty of 1977, Panama Canal Zone ceases to exist and process of transferring control from United States to Panama begins

JRG coup in El Salvador

Coup by civil-military Revolutionary Government Junta (JRG) deposes President General of El Salvador, Carlos Humberto Romero

St Vincent & Grenadines independent

British associated state of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines becomes fully independent

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