Thousand Days' War

American Empire

North America 1900.0523

Thousand Days' War

The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (23 May 1900)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

The Spanish-American War gave the US an empire in the Caribbean and the Pacific and marked its emergence as a Great Power The first crisis of this period was in Colombia, where the ruling Conservative Party's rigging of elections and suppression of the Liberal Party triggered a revolt in 1899. Although the Conservatives won this Thousand Days' War in 1902, resentment remained in much of the country.

Main Events

Annexation of Hawaii

After an 1897 attempt by United States President William McKinley to annex the Republic of Hawaii failed in the Senate, McKinley succeeded in pushing through the Newlands Resolution in July 1898. Under this resolution, the US officially annexed the Republic of Hawaii on 12 August in a ceremony held on the steps of ʻIolani Palace. The republic became the new Territory of Hawaii.

Washington Peace Protocol

The United States and Spain signed the Washington Peace Protocol, agreeing to end hostilities and negotiate a peace treaty in Paris later that year.

Treaty of Paris

The United States of America signed the Treaty of Paris with the Kingdom of Spain, bringing a formal end to the Spanish-American War. By the terms of the treaty, Spain ceded Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the US (although the US agreed to pay $20 million for the Philippines). The Treaty of Paris came into effect on 11 April 1899, when the documents of ratification were exchanged.

British Guiana-Venezuela border agreed

Settlement of British Guiana-Venezuela boundary dispute through arbitration by the United States

Thousand Days War

Civil war in Colombia between ruling Conservative Party and Liberal opposition

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