Anti-Fengtian War

Warlords and Revolutionaries

East Asia 1926.0424

Anti-Fengtian War

The Warlord Era in China, the Russian Revolution and the Siberian Intervention (24 April 1926)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

Amity between the Guominjun and the Fengtian clique was short-lived. The Guominjun encouraged the defection of a Fengtian commander who almost took the Fengtian capital only to be pushed back when Japan stepped in. With Japanese and Zhili support, the Fengtian clique struck back, defeating the Guominjun and seizing Beijing.

Notes

Warlord China

From the Zhili-Anhui War (1920) to the Nationalist recapture of Beijing (1928), control over China fluctuated as various warlords fought for power. The foreign powers handled this situation by regarding whichever warlords controlled Beijing as the legitimate government of China, even though these warlords often had no influence outside the city.

To depict this situation, this atlas shows the recognized government of China as warlord-controlled rather than as an independent entity, with its size changing depending on how much authority the government had outside of Beijing. However the actual recognized borders of China itself did not change during this period.

Main Events

Guo Songling's rebellion against Fengtian clique

Powers push China to dismantle Dagu forts

The 8 signatory nations of the Boxer Protocols demand that the Chinese government dismantle defensive works in Dagu Harbor, Tianjin

March 18 Massacre in Beijing

Duan Qirui orders police to fire on protesters demonstrating against foreign influence in China

Fengtian clique captures Beijing

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