Russia in Mongolia

Warlords and Revolutionaries

East Asia 1921.0625

Russia in Mongolia

The Warlord Era in China, the Russian Revolution and the Siberian Intervention (25 June 1921)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

Ungern von Sternberg, a Russian general fleeing the Soviet advance, took advantage of Chinese weakness to occupy Mongolia. His rule would only last a few months before Soviet and Mongolian forces expelled him, however the Soviet dominance which followed would last for 70 years.


Warlord China

From the Zhili-Anhui War (1920) to the Nationalist recapture of Beijing (1928), control over China fluctuated as various warlords fought for power. The foreign powers handled this situation by regarding whichever warlords controlled Beijing as the legitimate government of China, even though these warlords often had no influence outside the city.

To depict this situation, this atlas shows the recognized government of China as warlord-controlled rather than as an independent entity, with its size changing depending on how much authority the government had outside of Beijing. However the actual recognized borders of China itself did not change during this period.

Main Events

Chen Jiongming and Sun Yatsen's Kuomintang take Guangdong.

South Pacific Mandate

The League of Nations grants Japan a Class C mandate over the islands of German New Guinea north of the Equator. These islands include the Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, northern Mariana Islands, and Palau. The territory becomes the Japanese Mandate for the South Seas Islands.

Ungern von Sternberg takes Urga, Mongolia.

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