Chinese Revolution

Warlords and Revolutionaries

East Asia 1911.1206

Chinese Revolution

The Xinhai Revolution, World War I in Asia, the Warlord Era in China, the Russian Revolution and the Siberian Intervention (6 December 1911)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

China had suffered endless humiliations since the mid 19th century, with the once powerful Qing dynasty unable to hold back foreign intrusions and forced to accept outside control of its ports and railways. Many revolutionary groups formed to overthrow the regime, and on October 10, 1911, one such group managed to seize power in the city of Wuchang. From there the revolution spread quickly across China. In an attempt to placate the revolutionaries, the Qing became a constitutional monarchy with the powerful general Yuan Shikai as prime minister.

Main Events

Anglo-Siamese Treaty

The Kingdom of Siam and the United Kingdom signed the Anglo-Siamese Treaty in Bangkok, capital of Siam. Ratifications were exchanged in London on 9 July 1909. By the terms of the treaty, Siam relinquished its claims to Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, and Terengganu, which became British protectorates.

China occupation of Lhasa

A Chinese expedition launched by the Qing dynasty occupied Lhasa, Tibet, officially deposing the 13th Dalai Lama on February 25. This act established direct Chinese rule in Tibet (albeit only until the Xinhai Revolution of 1911-1912).

Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty

Count Terauchi Masatake of the Empire of Japan and Prime Minister Lee Wan-yong of the Empire of Korea signed the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1910, formally annexing Korea to Japan. Sunjong, Emperor of Korea from 1907, was demoted to King.

Wuchang Uprising

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