Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 7 October 2015 (Syrian Civil War): Although the US and its allies moved to support Iraq against Daesh (ISIL/IS) (Military intervention against ISIL), the situation in Syria (Syrian Civil War) was more complicated. There a deeply divided rebellion had been attempting to oust the unpopular President Bashar al-Assad since 2011. Assad was supported by Russia and Iran, but while the West generally opposed him, any weakening of his position tended to strengthen the even more objectionable Daesh.