East Asia 1949: People's Republic of China
By late 1949, the Nationalist forces were collapsing everywhere and the Communists had all but won the Civil War. On October 1, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China in the new capital of Beijing.
14 Jun 1949 Creation of State of Vietnam▲
Bảo Đại, former Emperor of Vietnam, was appointed Chief of State of the State of Vietnam—a new associated state within the French Union. The State of Vietnam was centered in Saigon and claimed authority over all of Vietnam, although much of its territory, particularly in the north, remained in the hands of the communist Viet Minh.
19 Jul 1949 French Associated State of Laos▲
France recognized the independence of the Kingdom of Laos as an associated state in the French Union.
9–27 Aug 1949 Lanzhou Campaign▲
The Chinese Communist forces pushed into western China, where the major Nationalist power was the Ma clique. In a series of battles around Lanzhou—the capital of Gansu province and the major city in the region—200,000 Communist troops defeated 100,000 Nationalists, inflicting over 42,000 casualties for a loss of just 11,000. The victory gave the Communists control of the Gansu corridor into northwestern China.
1 Oct 1949 People’s Republic of China▲
Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in Beijing. Beijing, formally Beiping, was declared the capital of the new republic. The Soviet Union recognized the PRC the next day, with most of the other Communist countries following suit that month. However it was not until 1971 that the United Nations would recognize the PRC as the representative of China.