Iran Crisis

Soviet Superpower

Russia 1946.051

Iran Crisis

The Cold War from the Soviet Union's view (10 May 1946)

Historical Map of Russia and the former Soviet Union

During the Second World War, Britain and the Soviet Union had occupied Iran. With the war over, the United States demanded that the Russians withdraw. Under pressure from the newly formed United Nations, Stalin finally backed down, but tried to retain influence by forcing Iran to agree to oil concessions and to accept Soviet backed Azerbaijani and Kurdish regimes in the north. However, the Iranian government revoked these deals as soon as the Soviet troops left.

Main Events

Soviet Union supports the creation of the People's Republic of Azerbaijan in occupied Iran

Kurdish People's Republic declared

Soviet Union backs creation of Kurdish People's Republic (Republic of Mahabad) in Iran

Soviet Union withdraws from Manchuria

Greek Civil War

Civil War in Greece between Western-backed government and Communists

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