The Great Patriotic War: Germany Invades
World War II: The Eastern Front from Operation Barbarossa to Stalingrad (16 February 1942)
Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union
On December 5, Soviet reinforcements from Siberia attacked the German troops around Moscow. Further counterattacks over December and January pushed back the German lines.
Meanwhile, on December 7, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the United States entered the war.
Soviet Winter Counter-offensive
Attack on Pearl Harbor
At 7:48 am Hawaiian Time, Imperial Japanese fighters, bombers, and torpedo planes launched from six aircraft carriers mount a surprise attack on the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory. The attack damages all eight US battleships present, sinking four, as well as hitting three cruisers, three destroyers, and two other ships. In addition, 188 US aircraft are destroyed and 2,403 Americans are killed, with another 1,178 wounded. Japanese losses are much lighter. The following day the US declares war on Japan.
Germany declares war on US
Claiming that US President Franklin Roosevelt has repeatedly violated all rules of neutrality, noting in particular his "shoot on sight" order, Nazi Germany declares that it is in a state of war with the United States of America